3rd trimester pregnancy: What to count on

The third trimester of pregnancy can be tiring and unpleasant. This is assistance relieving symptoms — and panic — as your due date strategies.

By Mayo Clinic Employees

The third trimester of pregnancy can be physically and emotionally complicated. Your baby’s size and posture may possibly make it tricky for you to get at ease. You may possibly be exhausted of pregnancy and keen to transfer on to the future phase. If you’ve been gearing up for your due date, you may possibly be let down if it comes and goes uneventfully.

Try out to continue to be optimistic as you appear forward to the end of your pregnancy. Shortly you will keep your little one in your arms! This is what to count on in the meantime.

Your body

As your little one grows, his or her actions will come to be much more apparent. These fascinating sensations are frequently accompanied by expanding distress and other symptoms and symptoms, which include:

  • Braxton Hicks contractions. You may possibly experience these delicate, irregular contractions as a slight tightness in your abdomen. They are much more probably to occur in the afternoon or evening, soon after physical action or soon after sexual intercourse. These contractions also are inclined to occur much more frequently and come to be stronger as you strategy your due date. Make contact with your overall health care service provider if the contractions come to be regular and steadily improve in power.
  • Backaches. Pregnancy hormones unwind the connective tissue that holds your bones in position, especially in the pelvic location. These adjustments can be challenging on your again, and frequently final result in distress throughout the third trimester. When you sit, opt for chairs with excellent again assistance. Get regular work out. Put on low-heeled — but not flat — shoes with excellent arch assistance. If you have significant or persistent suffering, get in touch with your overall health care service provider.
  • Shortness of breath. You may possibly get winded easily. Apply excellent posture to give your lungs much more area to extend.
  • Heartburn. Pregnancy hormones relaxing the valve between your belly and esophagus can let belly acid to reflux into your esophagus, creating heartburn. To protect against heartburn, consume modest, repeated meals and steer clear of fried food items, citrus fruits, chocolate, and spicy or fried food items.
  • Spider veins, varicose veins and hemorrhoids. Greater blood circulation may possibly bring about little red-purplish veins (spider veins) to seem on your confront, neck and arms. Redness usually fades soon after shipping. You may possibly also detect swollen veins (varicose veins) on your legs. Distressing, itchy varicose veins in your rectal location (hemorrhoids) are a further risk. To relieve inflammation, work out and elevate your legs often, involve a lot of fiber in your diet plan and consume loads of fluids. For hemorrhoid reduction, soak in a warm tub or apply witch hazel pads to the location.
  • Regular urination. As your little one moves deeper into your pelvis, you will experience much more stress on your bladder. You may possibly come across on your own urinating much more frequently. This further stress may possibly also bring about you to leak urine — especially when you chuckle, cough, sneeze, bend or lift. If this is a problem, take into account working with panty liners. If you consider you may possibly be leaking amniotic fluid, get in touch with your overall health care service provider.

Your thoughts

As anticipation grows, fears about childbirth may possibly come to be much more persistent. How a lot will it harm? How lengthy will it previous? How will I cope? If you haven’t completed so already, take into account taking childbirth lessons. You can understand what to count on — and fulfill many others who share your excitement and problems. Chat with many others who’ve had optimistic birth encounters, and inquire your overall health care service provider about alternatives for suffering reduction.

The actuality of parenthood may possibly commence to sink in as nicely. You may possibly experience anxious, especially if this is your very first little one. To stay relaxed, publish your thoughts in a journal. It is also valuable to plan in advance. If you will be breast-feeding, you may possibly get a nursing bra or a breast pump. If you might be expecting a boy — or you really don’t know your baby’s sexual intercourse — consider about what is actually proper for your family members relating to circumcision.

Prenatal care

For the duration of the third trimester, your overall health care service provider may possibly inquire you to appear in for much more repeated checkups — perhaps just about every two weeks commencing at week 32 and just about every week commencing at week 36.

Like previous visits, your overall health care service provider will look at your excess weight and blood stress and inquire about any symptoms or symptoms you might be enduring. Irrespective of your vaccination standing, 1 dose of tetanus toxoid, lowered diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine is suggested throughout each individual pregnancy — preferably throughout the third trimester, between weeks 27 and 36 of pregnancy. This can assistance guard your little one from whooping cough before he or she can be vaccinated. You will also have to have screening checks for various situations, which include:

  • Gestational diabetic issues. This is a kind of diabetic issues that often develops throughout pregnancy. Prompt cure and balanced lifestyle selections can assistance you take care of your blood sugar amount and produce a balanced little one.
  • Iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia happens when you really don’t have more than enough balanced red blood cells to have satisfactory oxygen to your body’s tissues. Anemia may possibly bring about you to experience very exhausted. To handle anemia, you may possibly have to have to consider iron supplements.
  • Team B strep. Team B strep is a kind of bacteria that can dwell in your vagina or rectum. It can bring about a major infection for your little one if there is publicity throughout birth. If you check optimistic for group B strep, your overall health care service provider will suggest antibiotics while you might be in labor.

Your overall health care service provider will also look at your baby’s size and coronary heart amount. Near the end of your pregnancy, your overall health care service provider will also look at your baby’s posture and inquire about your baby’s actions. He or she may possibly also inquire about your choices relating to labor and suffering management as you get completely ready for shipping. If you have particular choices for labor and birth — this kind of as laboring in drinking water or preventing medication — outline your needs in a birth plan. Critique the plan with your overall health care service provider but retain in mind that pregnancy troubles may possibly bring about designs to transform.

As your due date strategies, retain inquiring questions. Being aware of what to count on can assistance you have the most optimistic birth encounter.