COVID-19 vaccines – what to expect: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

COVID-19 vaccines are utilised to improve the body’s immune procedure and defend in opposition to COVID-19. These vaccines are a critical software to enable cease the COVID-19 pandemic.

Learn what to be expecting prior to and just after you are vaccinated for COVID-19.

Prior to YOU GET THE VACCINE

Look at with your condition wellbeing department to obtain out when you are eligible to get a vaccine. You should be in a position to obtain out how to indicator up for a vaccine and at what locale. You can also test the CDC VaccineFinder to obtain out where by to get a vaccine in your space.

Prior to you go to your appointment, test your affirmation email messages to obtain out what you may will need to provide to the appointment. For example, you may will need your driver’s license or other ID or proof of eligibility.

If you get any medicines, you should continue to keep getting them as you usually do. If you get medicines that impact the immune procedure, discuss with your wellbeing care company to obtain out if finding the COVID-19 vaccine will get the job done or result in any complications for you.

You should not get in excess of-the-counter agony relievers these types of as aspirin, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen to enable stop facet consequences prior to you get the vaccine. It is not recognized if these medicines will impact how perfectly the vaccine operates. On the other hand, if you get these medicines consistently for other good reasons, you can get them as you usually do.

You should also not get antihistamines to enable stop an allergic reaction prior to you get the vaccine.

If you have any concerns about your medicines, question your wellbeing care company or the vaccine company.

Through YOUR VACCINE APPOINTMENT

You will will need to don a mask at the vaccination internet site the total time. All people else at the internet site will also have to don a mask. Try out to remain at minimum six toes absent from other individuals at all times.

Just after you get your vaccine, you will wait around at the vaccination internet site for 15 minutes to make guaranteed you do not have a extreme allergic reaction to the shot (this is very unusual). If you have experienced a past extreme allergic reaction or if you have experienced an instant reaction to immunizations in the previous, you may will need to wait around for 30 minutes as a precaution. Vaccination sites are outfitted to provide instant care for extreme allergic reactions and contact for crisis professional medical care.

At your appointment, you will very likely schedule the date of your second dose if you are acquiring a two-dose vaccine. You should receive a vaccination card that tells you what vaccine you obtained and the date and locale you obtained it. Be guaranteed to continue to keep this card if necessary for foreseeable future use. You will will need to provide it with you for your second dose if you are acquiring a two-dose vaccine.

You should speak to the vaccination company internet site:

  • If you did not get a vaccination card or you shed your card
  • If you did not schedule an appointment for a second dose
  • If you will need to reschedule your second dose

You can also speak to your condition wellbeing department if you have concerns about COVID-19 vaccinations.

COVID-19 VACCINE TIMING

If you obtained one of the two-dose vaccines, you will will need to receive your second dose in just a distinct quantity of weeks. You will need to get the similar form (model) of vaccine for your second dose as you obtained for your to start with.

  • If you obtained the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, you should get your second Pfizer shot about 21 times (3 weeks) just after the to start with shot.
  • If you obtained the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, you should get your second Moderna shot about 28 times (four weeks) just after the to start with shot.
  • The day you get your to start with shot, you will very likely also schedule the date for your second shot.
  • It requires time for your immune procedure to start off safeguarding you just after acquiring the vaccine. You are considered totally vaccinated two weeks just after your second dose.

If you obtained the 1-dose vaccine:

  • You only will need one shot for this vaccine to defend you in opposition to COVID-19.
  • It requires time for your immune procedure to start off safeguarding you just after acquiring the vaccine. You are considered totally vaccinated two weeks just after your shot.

You are not totally vaccinated if it has been considerably less than two weeks due to the fact your 1-dose shot or your second two-dose shot. You are not totally vaccinated if you have only obtained 1 dose of a two-dose vaccine.

Totally vaccinated persons can resume functions without having donning a mask or bodily distancing, apart from where by required by federal, condition, nearby, tribal, or territorial regulations, policies, and laws, such as nearby business and office steering.

The CDC has tips for what it is harmless to do after you are totally vaccinated.

VACCINE Aspect Outcomes

Whilst COVID-19 vaccines will not make you sick, they may result in particular facet consequences and flu-like indicators. This is normal. These indicators are a indicator that your human body is making antibodies in opposition to the virus.

Frequent facet consequences contain:

  • Ache, redness, and inflammation on the arm where by you obtained the shot
  • Tiredness
  • Headache
  • Muscle mass agony
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Nausea

Some persons get a purple, itchy, swollen, unpleasant rash in the arm where by they obtained the shot. This is recognized as “COVID arm.” This can happen times just after finding the to start with shot. You should however get your second shot if you obtained a two-dose vaccine. You can question to have it in the other arm.

To enable decrease facet consequences you should:

  • Go the arm where by you obtained the shot generally during the day
  • Utilize a cleanse, neat washcloth to relieve inflammation and soreness
  • Consume plenty of fluids
  • Gown frivolously if you have a fever

Be aware that the facet consequences from the second dose may be a lot more intense than all those from the to start with shot. Signs and symptoms from the shot may make you truly feel terrible adequate that you will need to get time off from get the job done or daily functions, but they should go absent in just a few times. Even if you do have facet consequences, it is however critical to get the second shot. The hazards of any facet consequences from the vaccine are far considerably less dangerous than the prospective for serious ailment or demise from COVID-19.

You may be instructed by the vaccine company that you can get acetaminophen or an additional OTC drugs these types of as ibuprofen or aspirin to enable decrease any vaccine facet consequences. Or, discuss with your health care provider about getting OTC drugs if you are not guaranteed.

If indicators do not go absent in a few times, or if you have any fears, you should speak to your wellbeing care company.

In unusual situations, persons have experienced extreme and non-extreme allergic reactions to the COVID-19 vaccines. If you have a extreme or non-extreme allergic reaction just after finding the to start with shot of the COVID-19 vaccine, you should not get the second shot. Converse with your wellbeing care company to see if there are other possibilities.