Low FODMAP diet: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

FODMAP stands for fermentable oligo-saccharides, disaccharides, mono-saccharides, and polyols. These are types of brief chain carbs–sugars, starches, and fiber–discovered in a selection of meals that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine and absorb water and ferment in the colon.

The subsequent types of carbs are FODMAPS:

Fructans – discovered in garlic, onions, and wheat

Fructose – discovered in fruits, honey, and superior fructose corn syrup

Galactans – discovered in beans and legumes

Lactose – discovered in dairy

Polyols – discovered in fruits with pits, such as apples, avocados, or cherries and in sugar alcohols

Most people can take in superior-FODMAP meals with out any challenge. In simple fact, many of these meals can stimulate fantastic microorganisms to improve in the intestines. On the other hand, people with IBS may well have a tendency to be far more sensitive to meals superior in FODMAPs.

FODMAPS are not quickly absorbed in the small intestine. They shift by way of slowly but surely, and choose on water. In the bowel, microorganisms rapidly ferment the FODMAPs, resulting in gasoline. The excessive gasoline and water can result in bloating, pain, and diarrhea in people with IBS. The minimal-FODMAP diet regime can help discover which meals cause your IBS signs or symptoms. Preventing these meals may well help you control your problem.