Spinal injury: First aid – Mayo Clinic

If you suspect a back or neck (spinal) injury, do not go the impacted particular person. Lasting paralysis and other significant difficulties can end result. Think a particular person has a spinal injury if:

  • There’s proof of a head injury with an ongoing modify in the person’s level of consciousness
  • The particular person complains of severe discomfort in his or her neck or back
  • An injury has exerted sizeable drive on the back or head
  • The particular person complains of weak spot, numbness, or paralysis or lacks management of his or her limbs, bladder or bowels
  • The neck or physique is twisted or positioned oddly

If you suspect somebody has a spinal injury:

  • Get support. Contact 911 or emergency medical support.
  • Retain the particular person nonetheless. Spot significant towels or rolled sheets on each sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent motion.
  • Stay clear of moving the head or neck. Supply as substantially very first support as feasible without the need of moving the person’s head or neck. If the particular person demonstrates no signals of circulation (breathing, coughing or motion), start out CPR, but do not tilt the head back to open the airway. Use your fingers to carefully grasp the jaw and elevate it ahead. If the particular person has no pulse, start out upper body compressions.
  • Retain helmet on. If the particular person is putting on a helmet, you should not get rid of it. A soccer helmet facemask must be eradicated if you need to access the airway.
  • Really don’t roll on your own. If you need to roll the particular person due to the fact he or she is vomiting, choking on blood or due to the fact you have to make guaranteed the particular person is nonetheless breathing, you need at least one other particular person. With one of you at the head and a different together the side of the wounded particular person, perform jointly to continue to keep the person’s head, neck and back aligned even though rolling the particular person onto one side.