Teens and sex: Protecting your teen’s sexual health

Teenagers and sex: Preserving your teen’s sexual wellness

Teenagers and sex can be a dangerous blend. Come across out how to speak to your teenager about abstinence and contraception.

By Mayo Clinic Workers

Couple parents want to facial area the thought that their teens are getting sex — but exploration demonstrates that quite a few teens are sexually energetic by higher university, perhaps putting on their own at hazard of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). When it arrives to teens and sex, the critical is speaking about the great importance of contraception just before sexual exercise begins.

Converse about risk-free sex with your teenager even if he or she identifies as homosexual. He or she may perhaps even now interact in heterosexual things to do, and is at hazard of STIs no matter of the spouse with whom he or she engages in sexual exercise.

Selling abstinence

When broaching the subject matter of teens and sex, it’s by no means also late to speak about abstinence. Regardless of whether you feel strongly that sex just before relationship is improper or you merely want your teenager to postpone sex right up until he or she is far more mature, explain your feelings to your teenager. If you share the reasons behind your beliefs, your teenager may perhaps be far more probable to understand and adopt your values.

Also ask your teenager to imagine about his or her own values and hopes for the future — and consider how sex could possibly have an effect on them. Describe that:

  • Teenagers and sex can be a dangerous blend
  • There are quite a few nonsexual techniques he or she can demonstrate feelings for another person
  • The only confident way to avoid teenager pregnancy and STIs, these as chlamydia, gonorrhea, human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes and HIV, is to abstain from sex — oral, vaginal and anal

Talking about birth control possibilities

Being familiar with birth control methods is an vital existence ability for everyone. Regardless of whether your teenager decides to have sex or wait, make confident your teenager understands how to avoid pregnancy and shield himself or herself from sexually transmitted infections.

Condoms

Worry the great importance of often working with condoms all through sex, even if your teenager is working with a second variety of contraception.

  • Steady and suitable use of condoms is the most powerful way for sexually energetic teens to shield on their own from sexually transmitted infections.
  • Condoms enable avoid pregnancy.

Prescription birth control

Different prescription contraceptives can enable avoid teenager pregnancy. The American College or university of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourages adolescents to consider lengthy-performing reversible contraception 1st — including intrauterine devices and contraceptive implants — as these possibilities are remarkably powerful with small imagined necessary.

Prescription birth control possibilities that enable avoid teenager pregnancy incorporate:

  • Intrauterine devices (Mirena, Skyla, Paragard)
  • A contraceptive implant (Nexplanon)
  • Mixture birth control supplements
  • The contraceptive patch (Xulane)
  • The vaginal ring (NuvaRing)
  • The contraceptive injection (Depo-Provera)

Your teenager will require to see a health practitioner to get a prescription for these varieties of contraceptives. Before scheduling the appointment, uncover out if she would favor to see a woman health practitioner.

Describe to your teenager that the health practitioner probable will:

  • Evaluation clinical record
  • Go in excess of the hazards and rewards of different varieties of birth control

The health practitioner will also conduct a pelvic examination if your teenager chooses an intrauterine contraception technique.

Make confident your teenager understands that prescription birth control isn’t really a substitute for condoms. Prescription birth control assists avoid pregnancy, but it does not give defense from sexually transmitted infections.

Unexpected emergency birth control

Describe to your teenager that it’s often a great thought to make a conclusion about birth control just before getting sex. Even so, unexpected emergency contraception — these as the morning-soon after tablet levonorgestrel (Plan B A single-Move, Following Alternative A single Dose, Take Action) or ulipristal (ella) — can enable avoid pregnancy if your teenager does not approach in advance or contraception fails.

  • Plan B A single-Move is offered in excess of-the-counter with no a prescription.
  • Following Alternative A single Dose and Take Action, are offered in excess of-the-counter for people age seventeen and older and by prescription for girls youthful than age seventeen.
  • Ella is offered only with a prescription from your health practitioner or wellness treatment service provider.

Make confident your teenager understands that unexpected emergency contraception need to be started off as shortly as feasible soon after unprotected intercourse. The sooner the supplements are taken, the far more probable they are to be powerful, however they may perhaps be taken up to 5 days (one hundred twenty several hours) soon after unprotected intercourse.

Pure loved ones preparing

If use of contraception goes from your values, you could possibly consider speaking to your teenager about normal loved ones preparing, which includes abstaining from sex all through a woman’s most fertile days.

Continue to keep this in intellect:

  • Pure loved ones preparing methods usually are not as powerful as prescription birth control and will not give defense from sexually transmitted infections.
  • Efficient use of normal loved ones preparing methods calls for diligence and preparing — and teenager sex is usually unplanned.
  • Teenager girls usually have irregular menstrual cycles, which can make it hard to evaluate fertility signs.

Do not be afraid that speaking to your teenager about contraception will inspire him or her to have sex. Your teenager is probable curious about sex and contraception, whether or not you provide up the subject matter. By getting open up and straightforward, you can enable your teenager make educated selections and act far more responsibly when he or she decides to have sex — whether it’s now or years in the future.

If you happen to be getting problems speaking to your teenager about contraception, ask your teen’s health practitioner for enable. He or she may perhaps give suggestions on how to speak to your teenager and accurately remedy issues about contraception.

Encouraging accountable actions

Teenagers may perhaps lack the maturity to properly and consistently use specific varieties of contraception. If your teenager is imagining about working with prescription birth control, make confident to explain the adhering to to enable her select a technique:

  • Frequency of use and benefit. For instance, blend birth control supplements require to be taken at the exact same time each working day, while NuvaRing is worn for 3 months at a time.
  • Monitoring doctor’s appointments and birth control use. Describe the great importance of maintaining observe of doctor’s appointments and talk about how to create birth control use part of her program — these as by taking a daily blend birth control tablet at the exact same time your teenager will get ready for mattress.
  • Skipped doses. Make confident your daughter understands what to do if she misses a dose or suspects that she may perhaps be pregnant.

If your teenager is contemplating getting sexually energetic, you could possibly also provide realistic suggestions — these as maintaining condoms in a wallet or purse. Describe to your teenager that use of alcohol and other medicine may perhaps have an effect on his or her judgment and boost the hazard of contracting a sexually transmitted infection.

The base line

Speaking about sex and contraception with your teenager isn’t really quick. Even so, your direction can enable your teenager make educated possibilities that enable shield his or her sexual wellness.

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